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当前位置:首页>新闻中心>>行业动态>>散户该如何合理选用猪浓缩料?

散户该如何合理选用猪浓缩料?

来源:http://www.sanwangyoubanggen.com/ 日期:2020-09-01 发布人:sanwa8

浓缩料是指按照饲养标准的要求,把各种蛋白质原料(如豆粕、菜籽粕、鱼粉等),再加上一定比例的矿物质、添加剂,科学合理混合而成的一种半成品饲料,使用简单、方便,使用时只要按标签上的参考配方,灵活掌握配上自产的玉米面、糠麸类即可,但不能直接饲喂。猪OK小编发现一些养殖户,特别是散养的农户在选用上存在诸多不当之处,在此有针对性地提出小散户猪浓缩料选用需要注意的几个方面,供大家参考。

Concentrated feed is a kind of semi-finished feed, which is scientifically and reasonably mixed with various protein raw materials (such as soybean meal, rapeseed meal, fish meal, etc.) and a certain proportion of minerals and additives according to the requirements of feeding standards. It is simple and convenient to use. When using, it is only necessary to flexibly master the self-produced corn flour and bran according to the reference formula on the label, but not directly Feeding. Pig OK small series found that some farmers, especially the scattered farmers in the selection of a lot of improper, in this targeted small retail Pig concentrate selection need to pay attention to several aspects, for your reference.
1、分清类型与阶段,合理选料
1. Distinguish type and stage, select material reasonably
小散户更突出的盲目用料是用肥猪浓缩料拌玉米面来代替乳猪颗粒料或乳猪浓缩料,结果适得其反,没节约成本,反造成乳猪拉稀的多,营养不良,生长缓慢,严重的导致猪只得水肿病死亡。不同畜种、不同经济类型、不同生长阶段的畜禽对各种营养成分的需求是不同的,按照它们不同的营养需求配制而成的浓缩料,品种繁多。因此,在选购时,要仔细了解产品的适用对象,根据饲养的畜禽及品种对号选购适宜的浓缩料,以达到饲喂效果。
The most prominent blind use of feed for small retail investors is to use concentrated fat pig mixed with corn flour instead of granular feed or concentrated feed of suckling pig. The result is just the opposite. There is no cost saving. On the contrary, it results in more lean suckling pigs, malnutrition and slow growth, which leads to the death of edema disease. Different kinds of livestock, different economic types and different growth stages of livestock and poultry have different requirements for various nutrients. According to their different nutritional requirements, there are many kinds of concentrates. Therefore, in order to achieve the best feeding effect, it is necessary to carefully understand the applicable object of the product and select the appropriate concentrated feed according to the number of livestock and poultry raised.

2、按参考比例,合理配料
2. According to the reference proportion, reasonable ingredients
浓缩饲料是半成品饲料,应根据畜禽的不同类型、阶段按比例配制成全价饲料,供畜禽使用。然而,当前很多农户,用浓缩料时不是一次性配好了使用,而是用水壶盖或碗凭想象舀点浓缩料拌上一些玉米面、糠麸就可,根本也不过一下称,按比例配制,这种太过随意的盲目做法是不科学的。因此,在配制全价料时,要按标签上的参考比例进行配制,灵活应用,也不要随意加入别的过多添加剂。如瘦肉型猪,那就选适合瘦肉型猪的浓缩料,再根据猪的大小和标签上的参考配方,配制成适合瘦肉型猪的配合饲料,而土杂猪我们就按土杂猪的需求配制,蛋白含量就可适当低些,并考虑充分利用自家产的农副产品。
Concentrated feed is a kind of semi-finished feed, which should be made into full price feed according to different types and stages of livestock and poultry. However, at present, many farmers do not use the concentrated materials at one time, but scoop some concentrated materials with the lid of a kettle or a bowl according to imagination, and mix some corn flour and bran. It's just a short title at all. It's unscientific to make the concentrate according to the proportion. Therefore, in the preparation of full price material, the preparation should be carried out according to the reference proportion on the label, flexible application, and do not add too many other additives at will. For example, for lean meat pigs, we should select the concentrate suitable for lean meat pigs, and then according to the size of pigs and the reference formula on the label, we can prepare the compound feed suitable for lean meat pigs, and we will prepare the local Hybrid Pigs according to the needs of local pigs, so that the protein content can be appropriately lower, and we should consider making full use of our own agricultural and sideline products.
3、使用时混料要均匀,尽量做到畜禽采食的营养均衡
3. When using, the mixture should be even, and the nutrition balance of livestock and poultry should be achieved as far as possible
浓缩饲料与玉米等能量饲料混合一定要均匀。对于规模户而言,更好用料加工机拌,而对于大部分散养户,多为手工拌料,手工拌料的方法是:先将一部分能量饲料与浓缩料混合,充分搅拌,达到均匀一致,然后再加一部分能量饲料,充分搅拌混合均匀。这样经过多次混合搅拌,就配制成了均匀一致的全价饲料。如混合不均匀,则可造成畜禽营养不良,影响饲养效果。
Concentrate feed and corn and other energy feed must be mixed evenly. For large-scale households, it is best to use material processing machine mixing, while for most of the scattered farmers, most of them are manual mixing. The method of manual mixing is: first, part of the energy feed is mixed with the concentrated material, fully stirred to achieve uniformity, and then a part of energy feed is added to fully mix and mix evenly. In this way, after many times of mixing and stirring, a uniform and uniform full price feed is prepared. If the mixture is not uniform, it can cause malnutrition of livestock and poultry and affect the feeding effect.
4、配合料避免加热熟喂
4. Avoid heating the batch
用浓缩料配成的全价料,拌入热的熟食中、经过加热或进行发酵处理会造成营养成分的损失,严重破坏其营养平衡,特别是维生素的损失更为严重,直接影响到畜禽生产性能的发挥。饲喂时应生料干喂或拌湿后饲喂。
The full price material made of concentrated materials, mixed into hot cooked food, heated or fermented, will cause the loss of nutrients and seriously destroy the nutritional balance, especially the loss of vitamins, which directly affects the production performance of livestock and poultry. When feeding, raw materials should be fed dry or mixed wet.
5、妥善保管饲料,注意保质期
5. Keep the feed properly and pay attention to the shelf life
浓缩饲料不宜长久存放,存放过长会使浓缩饲料中的蛋白质、维生素、氨基酸等成分效价逐渐降低,甚至发霉结块变质。因此,购买浓缩饲料时要注意生产日期和保质期,一次不宜买得太多,够用半个月到一个月左右较好,并把配好的料保存在避光、干燥通风、不被鼠咬虫害、无异味干净的地方,避免营养物质受到破坏。
The concentrated feed should not be stored for a long time. If it is stored too long, the potency of protein, vitamin, amino acid and other components in concentrated feed will gradually decrease, and even become moldy and caking. Therefore, we should pay attention to the production date and shelf life when purchasing concentrated feed. We should not buy too much at one time. It is better to use it for about half a month to a month. The prepared feed should be kept away from light, dry and ventilated, free from rat bites and insects, and free of peculiar smell, so as to avoid the damage of nutrients.
6、忌换料过勤或料不好时也不换料
6. Do not change the material too often or when the material is not good
一些农户没有主见,听说那种饲料好,马上就又换一种饲料,或认为新牌子头批饲料好,也就不停地换料、频繁地试验;还有的是认为换料严重影响生长,明明知道料不算好,也不愿换一种好的。科学的做法是掌握正确的换料办法,当饲料不是很理想时,就重选一个好的坚决换掉。正确的换料办法是在4~7天内逐渐完成,原来的料逐渐减少,新的料逐渐增加了混合着喂,这样的过渡,能很好地减少饲料应激。
Some farmers do not have their own opinions. When they hear that the feed is good, they immediately change another kind of feed, or think that the first batch of new brand feed is good, they constantly change the feed and test it frequently; others think that the change of feed seriously affects the growth, and they know that the feed is not good, and they are not willing to change a good feed. The scientific way is to master the correct way to change the feed. When the feed is not very ideal, choose a good one and change it. The correct way to change feed is to gradually complete in 4-7 days, the original feed gradually reduced, the new feed gradually increased, mixed feeding, such a transition, can well reduce feed stress.
7、忌猪儿大小不分地喂同一标准饲料
7. Do not feed pigs with the same standard feed regardless of size
体重相差过大的猪关在一个猪舍,并用同样的饲料标准喂养,正确的做法是大小分群饲养,按猪的阶段采用不同的配方,这既利于猪的正常生长,也不浪费饲料。
Pigs with large difference in body weight should be kept in a pig house and fed with the same feed standard. The correct way is to raise pigs in groups according to their stages, which is conducive to the normal growth of pigs and does not waste feed.

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