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使用猪用浓缩料时应注意的那几方面的问题

来源:http://www.sanwangyoubanggen.com/ 日期:2020-09-10 发布人:sanwa8

猪用浓缩料使用方便、经济效益好,同时能够充分利用养猪户手中自有的能量饲料及其加工副产品,因此,浓缩饲料深受广大养猪户朋友的欢迎。但是在猪用浓缩料的使用过程中往往有一些问题容易被大家忽视,今天小编就跟大家说说使用猪用浓缩料时应注意的那几方面的问题。

Concentrated feed for pigs is easy to use and has good economic benefits. At the same time, it can make full use of the energy feed and its processing by-products in the hands of pig farmers. Therefore, concentrated feed is very popular among pig farmers. However, in the use of Pig concentrate, there are often some problems that are easy to be ignored. Today, I will tell you about the problems that should be paid attention to when using Pig concentrate.
猪用浓缩料是由蛋白质饲料、矿物质饲料、微量元素、维生素和非营养性添加剂按一定比例配制而成的混合饲料。我们买回来的猪浓缩饲料,一般粗蛋白质含量都在30%以上,矿物质和维生素含量也高于猪需要量的2倍以上,因此不能直接饲喂,只有与一定比例的能量饲料(或再加少量蛋白质饲料)相混合配制成全价配合饲料或精料补充料后,才能进行饲喂,这样才能发挥它的真正效用。
Concentrated feed for pigs is a mixed feed made of protein feed, mineral feed, trace elements, vitamins and non nutritive additives in a certain proportion. The concentrate feed we bought for pigs generally contains more than 30% crude protein, and the mineral and vitamin contents are more than 2 times of the pig's requirement. Therefore, we can't feed them directly. We can only feed them with a certain proportion of energy feed (or add a small amount of protein feed) to make a full price compound feed or concentrate supplement, so as to play its real role Utility.
猪用浓缩料使用时注意哪些问题?
What problems should be paid attention to when using Pig concentrate?

1产品
1 products
猪用浓缩料标签内容包括产品名称、饲用对象、产品登记号或批准文号、主要饲料原料类别、营养成分保证值、用法与用量、净重、生产年月日、厂名和厂址。因为各个厂家浓缩料的使用可能有差异,按照说明书配比才更放心,说明书内容包括推荐饲料配方和饲喂方法、预计饲养效果、保存方法及注意事项等。要有产品合格证,并须加盖检验人员印章和检验日期。
The label contents of concentrated feed for pigs include product name, feeding object, product registration number or approval number, main feed raw material category, guaranteed value of nutritional components, usage and dosage, net weight, production date, factory name and address. Because the use of concentrated feed from different manufacturers may be different, it is most reassuring to match the formula according to the instructions. The contents of the instructions include recommended feed formula and feeding method, expected feeding effect, preservation method and precautions. The product qualification certificate shall be provided, and the inspection personnel's seal and inspection date shall be stamped.
2选用
2 selection
应根据畜禽品种、用途、生长阶段等选购相应的浓缩饲料产品,不能把鸡的浓缩料用于猪,也不能把猪的浓缩料喂给鸡,当然也不能把种猪的浓缩饲料用于育肥猪。
We should purchase the corresponding concentrated feed products according to the variety, use and growth stage of livestock and poultry. We should not use the concentrated feed of chicken for pigs, nor feed the concentrated feed of pigs to chickens. Of course, we should not use the concentrated feed of breeding pigs for fattening pigs.
在相同的营养水平和饲养管理下,不同品种猪的生长速度,饲料转化率、胴体品质均有所不同。所以,养殖户在选择使用饲料时,要根据自己猪只的品种选择不同档次的浓缩饲料。如果是杂交配套品系,如二元或三元杂交。这种猪的生长速度快,饲料转化率高,就应选择使用档料,以提高生产力。
Under the same nutrition level and feeding management, the growth rate, feed conversion rate and carcass quality of different breeds of pigs were different. Therefore, when farmers choose to use feed, they should choose different grades of concentrated feed according to their pig breeds. If it is a mating line, such as binary or ternary cross. This kind of pig has fast growth speed and high feed conversion rate, so we should choose to use the stall feed to improve the productivity.

3配比
3 ratio
有些养殖户在猪价上涨的时候,为了让猪只更快地生长,提前出栏,盲目地加大浓缩料的配入。这样会使饲料中的蛋白质增高,但能量却降低了,蛋白质不能被猪只充分地利用吸收,反使猪只产生消化不良,甚至拉稀的现象。这种欲速则不达的方式是不可取的。还有一些养殖户,在猪价低迷的时候,为了降低成本而减少浓缩料的配入。这样易造成营养素的缺乏,致使猪只生长受阻,发育不良。料肉比的饲料比值增大,不但成本降低不了,反而会升高,造成得不偿失的结果。
Some farmers in the pig price rise, in order to let the pig grow faster, ahead of time, blindly increase the concentration of feed. In this way, the protein in the feed will increase, but the energy will be reduced. The protein can not be fully utilized and absorbed by pigs, which will cause indigestion and even rarefaction in pigs. It is not advisable to adopt the method of "Haste makes waste". There are also some farmers, in order to reduce the cost of concentrated feed when the pig price is low. This is easy to cause the lack of nutrients, resulting in the growth of pigs hindered, poor development. If the feed ratio of feed to meat ratio increases, not only the cost can not be reduced, but also the cost will be increased.
有一些养殖户在配料时经常少加浓缩料,用大豆或豆饼代替,其实这样不好。因为大豆和豆饼都是蛋白质饲料,用来代替浓缩料,只是弥补了蛋白饲料,而降低了混合饲料中添加剂预混料、常量矿物质饲料的浓度,会导致营养不均衡,影响饲喂效果。
There are some farmers in the ingredients often add less concentrated material, with soybean or soybean cake instead, in fact, this is not good. Because soybean and soybean cake are protein feed, which are used to replace concentrated feed, only make up for protein feed, and reduce the concentration of additive premix and constant mineral feed in mixed feed, which will lead to unbalanced nutrition and affect feeding effect.
也有一些养殖户随着季节的变化调整配方,其实问题倒不大,但要注意适当。在冬季低温季节,猪只为维持体温所需的能量增加,可以适当提高能量饲料的比例。夏天炎热季节,能量饲料与蛋白饲料的比例可以适当降低。
There are also some farmers with seasonal changes to adjust the formula, in fact, the problem is not big, but should pay attention to appropriate. In the low temperature season in winter, the energy required by pigs to maintain body temperature increased, and the proportion of energy feed could be appropriately increased. In hot summer, the ratio of energy feed to protein feed can be reduced appropriately.

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