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使用猪浓缩饲料需要注意的几个问题?

来源:http://www.sanwangyoubanggen.com/ 日期:2020-07-30 发布人:sanwa8

浓缩饲料使用方便、经济效益好,同时能够充分利用养猪户手中自有的能量饲料及其加工副产品,因此,浓缩饲料深受广大养猪户朋友的欢迎。但是在浓缩饲料的使用过程中往往有一些问题容易被大家忽视,今天小编就跟大家说说使用浓缩饲料时应注意的那几方面的问题。

Concentrated feed is easy to use and has good economic benefits. At the same time, it can make full use of the energy feed and its processing by-products in the hands of pig farmers. However, in the use of concentrated feed, there are often some problems that are easy to be ignored by everyone. Today, I will tell you about the problems that should be paid attention to when using concentrated feed.
1、产品
1. Products
浓缩料标签内容包括产品名称、饲用对象、产品登记号或批准文号、主要饲料原料类别、营养成分保证值、用法与用量、净重、生产年月日、厂名和厂址。因为各个厂家浓缩料的使用可能有差异,按照说明书配比才更放心,说明书内容包括推荐饲料配方和饲喂方法、预计饲养效果、保存方法及注意事项等。要有产品合格证,并须加盖检验人员印章和检验日期。
The label contents of concentrated feed include product name, feeding object, product registration number or approval number, main feed raw material category, nutrient content guarantee value, usage and dosage, net weight, production date, factory name and address. Because the use of concentrated feed from different manufacturers may be different, it is most reassuring to match the formula according to the instructions. The contents of the instructions include recommended feed formula and feeding method, expected feeding effect, preservation method and precautions. The product qualification certificate shall be provided, and the inspection personnel's seal and inspection date shall be stamped.
 
2、选用
2. Selection
应根据畜禽品种、用途、生长阶段等选购相应的浓缩饲料产品,不能把鸡的浓缩料用于猪,也不能把猪的浓缩料喂给鸡,当然也不能把种猪的浓缩饲料用于育肥猪。
We should purchase the corresponding concentrated feed products according to the variety, use and growth stage of livestock and poultry. We should not use the concentrated feed of chicken for pigs, nor feed the concentrated feed of pigs to chickens. Of course, we should not use the concentrated feed of breeding pigs for fattening pigs.
在相同的营养水平和饲养管理下,不同品种猪的生长速度,饲料转化率、胴体品质均有所不同。所以,养殖户在选择使用饲料时,要根据自己猪只的品种选择不同档次的浓缩饲料。如果是杂交配套品系,如二元或三元杂交。这种猪的生长速度快,饲料转化率高,就应选择使用档料,以提高生产力。
Under the same nutrition level and feeding management, the growth rate, feed conversion rate and carcass quality of different breeds of pigs were different. Therefore, when farmers choose to use feed, they should choose different grades of concentrated feed according to their pig breeds. If it is a mating line, such as binary or ternary cross. This kind of pig has fast growth speed and high feed conversion rate, so we should choose to use the stall feed to improve the productivity.
3、配比
3. Proportioning
有些养殖户在猪价上涨的时候,为了让猪只更快地生长,提前出栏,盲目地加大浓缩料的配入。这样会使饲料中的蛋白质增高,但能量却降低了,蛋白质不能被猪只充分地利用吸收,反使猪只产生消化不良,甚至拉稀的现象。这种欲速则不达的方式是不可取的。还有一些养殖户,在猪价低迷的时候,为了降低成本而减少浓缩料的配入。这样易造成营养素的缺乏,致使猪只生长受阻,发育不良。料肉比的饲料比值增大,不但成本降低不了,反而会升高,造成得不偿失的结果。
Some farmers in the pig price rise, in order to let the pig grow faster, ahead of time, blindly increase the concentration of feed. In this way, the protein in the feed will increase, but the energy will be reduced. The protein can not be fully utilized and absorbed by pigs, which will cause indigestion and even rarefaction in pigs. It is not advisable to adopt the method of "Haste makes waste". There are also some farmers, in order to reduce the cost of concentrated feed when the pig price is low. This is easy to cause the lack of nutrients, resulting in the growth of pigs hindered, poor development. If the feed ratio of feed to meat ratio increases, not only the cost can not be reduced, but also the cost will be increased.
在配合浓缩料时不需要添加任何的饲料添加剂(除了为预防特定的疾病而添加的药物),饲喂时要与粉碎的能量饲料搅拌均匀,采用生料投喂,并供足清洁的饮水。
It is not necessary to add any feed additives (except for the drugs added to prevent specific diseases) in the preparation of concentrated feed. When feeding, it should be mixed with crushed energy feed, fed with raw material, and provided with enough clean drinking water.

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